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6 Types Of Investments: What Will Make You The Most Money?

A lot of people are scared off by the prospect of investing. Because there is such a wide variety of alternatives, it can be challenging to choose which assets are best suited for your portfolio. This tutorial will take you through 10 of the most common types of investments and explain why you might want to think about adding some or all of them to your portfolio. If you are serious about making money through investments, it may make sense to seek the guidance of a financial counsellor. Through our no-cost financial adviser matching service, Klear Picture is able to assist you in locating the advisor that is best suited to meet your needs.

Because the world of investing may often be difficult to understand, we are going to break down for you the four primary asset classes, also known as types of investments, that are available to you.

Young investors frequently have the misconception that an investor is someone who has a significant amount of wealth, such as Warren Buffett, CEO of Berkshire Hathaway (NYSE: BRK.B) or Jeff Bezos, CEO of Amazon (NASDAQ: AMZN). This is the furthest thing from the truth possible.

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In addition to this, investing in publicly traded companies such as Apple (NASDAQ: AAPL), Tesla (NASDAQ: TSLA), Virgin Galactic (NYSE: SPCE), or any other company is not the only way to put money into the market. Many financial experts are of the opinion that there are four main types of investments, each of which can be further subdivided into two unique subcategories, which are as follows:

  • Long-term investments in shares of stock or property are examples of growth investments.
  • Protective assets are those that earn income on a regular basis, such as cash and bonds.

Even though here at MyWallStreet, we have a primary emphasis on stock investments, it is still very important to understand the distinctions between the four primary categories of investments.

You have several choices available to you as an investor regarding your capital allocation. It is essential to give serious consideration to the different kinds of investments.

Stocks, bonds, and other cash equivalents make up the three primary categories into which investments are often organized. Within each bucket, you'll find a wide variety of investment options to choose from.

Think of the many kinds of investments as instruments you might use to get closer to achieving your monetary objectives. Every major category of investments, from bank products to stocks and bonds, has its own general set of characteristics, sources of risk, and methods that investors might make use of those characteristics.

The environment in which investments are made might be highly dynamic and constantly shifting. However, investors who spend the time to learn the fundamentals of the market and the various asset classes stand a good chance of making big gains over the course of their investment careers. You first need to familiarize yourself with the various categories of investments and the place on the "risk ladder" that each one has.

6 Types of Investments

Cash Investment

The cash that is kept in a bank account is the investment asset that is the most straightforward, can be comprehended with the least amount of effort, and is the most reliable of all. It not only ensures that the investors will get back the initial investment they made, but it also gives them precise information regarding the interest rate that they will earn on that investment.

On the other hand, the interest that is produced on money stored in a savings account nearly never manages to keep up with the rate of inflation that is occuring in the economy. Certificates of deposit, sometimes referred to as "CDs," are investments that have a high level of liquidity and are analogous to cash. In addition, certificates of deposit are financial instruments that, on average, give better interest rates than savings accounts. However, you won't be able to access your assets for a predetermined amount of time, and there is a chance that you'll be charged a penalty for withdrawing your money too soon.

Examples of cash investments include regular bank accounts, high-interest savings accounts, and term deposits in addition to other types of savings accounts.

When compared to the many other possible types of investments, they frequently have the ability to generate the smallest amount of return.

In spite of the fact that they offer no potential for increased capital, they are nonetheless able to produce stable income and have the potential to be an essential component in the process of maintaining wealth and reducing risk within the context of an investment portfolio.

Some people believe that we are currently in the midst of a "war on cash," with businesses such as Square (NYSE: SQ) and PayPal (NASDAQ: PYPL) working toward the goal of completely eliminating the requirement for the use of cash as a utility. Regardless of whether it exists in physical or digital form, cash will almost certainly continue to play an important role in the economy.

Investing in cash typically involves putting money into term deposits, high-interest savings accounts, and daily bank accounts. Cash investments often have the potential for the lowest possible returns, as compared to the other four primary categories of investments.

On the other hand, it is never a bad idea to have a fair amount of cash stored away in case of an emergency. This may be accomplished by setting aside some money each week. You don't have to worry about losing money by investing in it, and even while its value will decline over time due to inflation, it still has the ability to play a significant role in providing you with liquidity in the event that a recession takes place.

The annual percentage yield (APY) that banks in the United States pay on checking accounts has a nationwide average of 0.06%. This is based on a national survey.

Cash equivalent investments serve two purposes: they protect your original investment and allow you to continue to have access to the funds that you have invested in the cash equivalent investments. Examples include:

  • Accounts for saving money;
  • Accounts on the money market;
  • Certificates of deposit (CDs)

These various kinds of investments, on average, bring in a higher rate of return that is more consistent. However, assets that are cash equivalents are not appropriate for long-term investing goals such as retirement savings. After taking into account the impact of taxes, the rate of return on investments is frequently so low that it fails to keep up with the rate of inflation.


A loan from an investor to a borrower is represented by the sale of a bond, which is a type of debt instrument. A standard bond will involve either a company or a government agency as the borrower. In this arrangement, the borrower will provide the lender with a fixed interest rate in exchange for the use of the lender's capital. Bonds are a typical kind of financing for businesses, whether that funding is used for day-to-day operations, purchases, or other types of initiatives. Bond prices are mostly determined by the prevailing interest rates. As a result of this, they experience a high volume of trading activity during times of quantitative easing as well as at times when the Federal Reserve or other central banks raise interest rates.

When you purchase a bond, you are essentially giving an organisation a loan of money. In most cases, this refers to a corporation or a government agency. Bonds can be issued by corporations or local governments. Municipal bonds are issued by local governments.

After the bond has reached its maturity — that is, after you have held it for the allotted amount of time — you will receive a return of the principle amount that you invested in the bond, in addition to an interest rate that has been fixed. Although the rate of return on bonds is often significantly lower than the rate of return on stocks, bonds normally carry a lower level of risk than stocks do. There is always the possibility of something bad happening. It is possible that the government or the corporation from which you purchased the bond will default on their payments. However, Treasury bonds in particular are regarded as an extremely risk-free investment option.

A loan that you give to a corporation or government is what is known as a bond. When you buy a bond, you are giving the issuer of the bond permission to borrow money from you and pay it back with interest at a later date.

Although bonds are generally thought to have less risk than stocks, there is a possibility that their returns will be lower. Bonds issued by local and state governments are typically regarded as the choice with the second-lowest level of risk, followed by bonds issued by corporations. In general, the interest rate on a bond will be lower if it has a lower level of risk. Read our primer on bonds for further information on the topic.

Bonds are an example of a fixed-income investment, which means that investors may anticipate receiving regular income payments from their holdings of bonds. Investors will normally receive interest payments on a semiannual or annual basis (often once or twice per year), and the whole principal amount will be repaid on the date when the bond matures.

When you purchase a bond, you are essentially lending money to a corporation or a governmental institution like a city, state, or national government.

Bonds are often issued for a predetermined amount of time, during which the holder of the bond is entitled to receive interest payments. When the bond was initially sold to investors, the entity that was responsible for its issuance decided on the interest rate that would apply going forwards. This is referred to as a coupon rate, and depending on the circumstances, it may be either fixed or variable. When the allotted amount of time has passed (the bond's maturity date), the bond's issuer is obligated to pay back the bond's par value, also known as the face value (the original loan amount).

When opposed to stocks, bonds are seen as a more reliable investment option due to the fact that they often produce a consistent flow of income. But due to the fact that they are more stable, it is likely that their return over the long run would be lower when compared to stocks. Bonds, on the other hand, have the potential to generate a higher rate of return than a specific stock.

Remember that bonds are susceptible to a variety of investment risks, such as credit risk, prepayment risk, and interest rate risk.

sold sign on house

Real Estate Management

You can invest in real estate and homes. I enjoy any nice Rule #1 investing - Publicly traded companies, private companies, apartments, farms, and trailer parks are all good investments as long as you treat them all the same.

The most difficult aspect of real estate investing is finding a house that is half the price of what it is worth. If you can do that, you can make some good money investing in real estate.

However, it may be easier to invest in the stock market, earn the same or better profits, and avoid dealing with a slew of rental properties.

Direct property purchases, whether commercial or residential, are one way for investors to amass real estate holdings. Additionally, they have the option of purchasing shares in real estate investment trusts (REITs). REITs operate in a manner analogous to that of mutual funds in that a number of investors pool their resources in order to make purchases of real estate. They are traded on a market that is also used for trading equities.

Investing in Mutual Funds

You have the option of investing your money in mutual funds. A mutual fund is a collection of funds from multiple investors that are invested in a variety of assets such as stocks, bonds, and other assets. These funds are referred to collectively as the fund's "assets."

They are operated by money managers who take care of your finances and invest them on your behalf with the goal of creating a profit for you. There are several reasons why this is not desirable.

First and foremost, the vast majority of mutual funds do not provide positive returns; nonetheless, you are still required to pay the money manager a proportion of your whole investment.

One sort of investment is known as a mutual fund, and it's one in which several investors pool their resources together to buy securities. Because they are managed by portfolio managers who allocate and distribute the pooled investment across stocks, bonds, and other assets, mutual funds are not always passive investments. This is due to the fact that portfolio managers manage the funds. Individuals can diversify their equity holdings within a single portfolio by purchasing mutual funds for as little as $1,000 per share, which gives them access to a wide range of equity investments.

Sometimes the underlying indexes of mutual funds, such as the S&P 500 or the Dow Jones Industrial Average, are the inspiration for the funds' investment strategies. There are also a great number of actively managed mutual funds that are kept track of and rebalanced by portfolio managers. These managers monitor and adjust their holdings within the fund very carefully. These funds, on the other hand, often have greater costs, such as annual management fees and front-end charges, both of which have the potential to cut into the profits of an investment.

The value of mutual funds is determined at the end of each trading day, and all transactions for buying and selling take place after the market has closed for the day.

A mutual fund is a pool of capital that comes from a number of different investors and is then distributed across several different businesses. Both aggressive and passive management styles are acceptable for mutual funds. A fund manager for an actively managed fund makes the decisions regarding which businesses and other types of investments the fund should make using the capital contributed by its investors. The goal of fund managers is to achieve higher returns than the market average by allocating capital to investments that are expected to increase in value. A fund is considered to be passively managed if it tracks a primary stock market index, such as the Dow Jones Industrial Average or the S&P 500, rather than actively managing its holdings. There are mutual funds that invest exclusively in bonds, some that invest exclusively in stocks, and still others that invest in a combination of stocks and bonds.

There are numerous similarities between the risks associated with investing in equities and bonds and those associated with investing in mutual funds. However, because the assets are automatically diversified, the risk is cut down significantly.

Invest in the Stock Market

Because they have the potential to contribute to an increase in the value of your initial investment over the medium to long term, shares are categorised as a growth investment.

If you own stock in a firm, you are eligible to receive dividend payments, which are effectively a portion of the company's profit that is dispersed among the shareholders of that company.

There is always a chance that the value of your stock will fall lower than the amount that you paid for it. Prices are subject to change on a daily basis; therefore, investors who are willing to hold shares for an extended period of time and are able to tolerate price volatility should consider doing so.

Shares, which are also sometimes referred to as equities, have historically generated higher returns than other types of assets; yet, shares are considered to be one of the riskiest sorts of investments.

Finally, we have shares, an investment vehicle that each of us is familiar with and adores. Investing in shares allows you to get a piece of both the solid and reliable Microsoft (NASDAQ: MSFT) and the riskier and maybe high-growth Beyond Meat (NASDAQ: BYND), regardless of which company you choose.

Because I am confident that you are already familiar with the process of investing in company shares, I will try to keep this as brief as possible:

  • Shares are classified as a growth investment since they can assist increase the value of your initial investment in the medium to long term. If you own stock, you may also receive income via dividends, which occur when a corporation distributes a portion of its revenues to shareholders.
  • Companies sell stock to raise funds for new ventures or expansion. When you buy stocks, you are purchasing a share of a firm. You are a stockholder.

Stock is classified into two types:

  • Stock in common. Shareholders own a portion of the company, have a say in company decisions, and may earn dividends.
  • Preferred stock.

The investment returns and dangers for both types of stocks vary based on factors such as the economy, political climate, the success of the company, and other stock market conditions.

Shares of stock allow investors to participate in the company's success through price rises and dividends. Shareholders have a claim on the assets of the company in the case of liquidation (the firm going bankrupt), but they do not possess the assets.

Common stockholders have voting rights at shareholder meetings. Preferred stockholders do not have voting rights, but they do enjoy preference over common shareholders in terms of dividend payments.

Exchange-Traded Funds (ETFs)

Since their inception in the mid-1990s, exchange-traded funds (ETFs) have grown in popularity. ETFs are similar to mutual funds in that they trade on a stock exchange throughout the day. They mimic the buy-and-sell behaviour of stocks in this way. This also means that their value can fluctuate dramatically within the course of a trading day.

ETFs can track an underlying index such as the S&P 500 or any other "basket" of companies chosen by the ETF's issuer to highlight a specific ETF. This might cover anything from emerging markets to commodities to specific economic areas like biotechnology or agriculture. ETFs are immensely popular among investors due to their simplicity of trading and extensive coverage.

ETFs are similar to mutual funds in that they are a group of investments that track a market index. In contrast to mutual funds, which are purchased through a fund firm, ETFs are purchased and sold on stock exchanges. Their price changes during the trading day, however, the value of mutual funds is just the net worth of your investments.

Because ETFs are more diversified than individual equities, they are frequently advised to beginning investors. Investing in an ETF that tracks a wide index can reduce risk even further.

ETFs are index funds that track a benchmark index and attempt to replicate its performance. They, like index funds, are less expensive than mutual funds since they are not actively managed.

The primary distinction between index funds and ETFs is the manner in which ETFs are purchased: They trade on an exchange like stocks, so you can buy and sell ETFs at any time, and their prices fluctuate throughout the day. Mutual funds and index funds, on the other hand, are priced once every trading day and remain the same regardless of when you purchase or sell. Bottom line: For many investors, this distinction is insignificant, but if you desire more control over the fund's pricing, an ETF may be preferable. Here's additional information on ETFs.

How investors make money: As with mutual funds and index funds, your hope as an investor is that the fund's value will rise, and you will be able to sell it for a profit. Investors may also receive dividends and interest from ETFs.

Would you like to speak to a specialist? Book a complimentary discovery session by calling: (03)999 81940 or emailing

Bottom Line 

Education about investments is essential, and you should steer clear of transactions that are beyond your current level of comprehension. Instead of relying on "hot proposals" from sources that can't be trusted, investors should seek out the sound advise of seasoned professionals. When consulting professionals, it is in your best interest to look for independent financial advisors that are paid only for the amount of time they put in as opposed to advisors who are paid on commision. First and foremost, you should spread your investments among a wide variety of different asset classes.

The stock market is the only investment that can absolutely ensure a profit for you, therefore you should put all of your money into it.

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